India's stimulus inadequate in providing recovery: Raghuram Rajan

by Nidhi Bhati

Former Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor Raghuram Rajan said that the Centre’s Rs.20 trillion stimulus package to counter the fallout of the coronavirus pandemic is inadequate. In an exclusive interview to The Wire, Rajan said that the government’s challenge is not just to tackle the impact of the worsening health crisis but to repair years of economic drift. Among other things, the former RBI governor pointed out that public sector banks needed better management and that sectors such as tourism and aviation that were badly affected during the pandemic needed debt relief. The economist also criticised state governments that sought to suspend labour laws without wider consultations and micro-management by the Centre to force states to undertake the reforms. He advised the government to not bow under the pressure of rating agencies. Rajan emphasised that the government needs to listen to opposition leaders’ suggestions on rebuilding the economy.

References
1. https://thewire.in/political economy/india-faces-a-major-economic-catastrophe-pmo-cant-handle-by-itself-says-raghuram-rajan
2. https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/economy-to-be-shadow-of-former-self-if-further-steps-aren-t-taken-rajan-120052101250_1.html
3. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/rajan-says-migrant-workers-need-money-for-vegetables-cooking-oil-shelter-foodgrains-not-enough/articleshow/75870387.cms
CMIE STATISTICS
Unemployment Rate
Per cent
23.6 -0.2
Consumer Sentiments Index
Base September-December 2015
40.1 -0.9
Consumer Expectations Index
Base September-December 2015
41.4 -0.7
Current Economic Conditions Index
Base September-December 2015
38.0 -1.2
Quarterly CapEx Aggregates
(Rs.trillion) Jun 19 Sep 19 Dec 19 Mar 20
New projects 1.12 2.19 5.02 3.08
Completed projects 0.88 0.85 1.65 1.30
Stalled projects 0.13 0.41 0.60 0.59
Revived projects 0.29 0.54 0.83 0.42
Implementation stalled projects 0.98 0.85 0.15 5.79
Updated on: 30 May 2020 8:28PM
Quarterly Financials of Listed Companies
(% change) Jun 19 Sep 19 Dec 19 Mar 20
All listed Companies
 Income 4.7 -2.2 -1.7 -0.2
 Expenses 2.7 -3.1 -2.2 1.2
 Net profit 17.4 -2.3 -9.9 -3.7
 PAT margin (%) 6.2 5.3 5.2 9.5
 Count of Cos. 4,471 4,430 4,379 366
Non-financial Companies
 Income 2.4 -6.4 -5.4 -4.1
 Expenses 1.7 -6.7 -6.3 -3.6
 Net profit -8.6 -14.5 -13.0 2.6
 PAT margin (%) 6.3 5.8 5.8 11.0
 Net fixed assets 10.4 21.5
 Current assets 4.9 9.1
 Current liabilities 4.9 8.1
 Borrowings 8.5 15.1
 Reserves & surplus 6.1 14.3
 Count of Cos. 3,349 3,325 3,280 294
Numbers are net of P&E
Updated on: 30 May 2020 8:28PM
Annual Financials of All Companies
(% change) FY17 FY18 FY19
All Companies
 Income 6.1 8.1 14.7
 Expenses 6.1 9.6 15.0
 Net profit 26.2 -39.9 20.5
 PAT margin (%) 3.3 2.1 3.2
 Assets 8.6 10.9 9.9
 Net worth 9.6 7.5 9.3
 RONW (%) 5.8 3.5 5.3
 Count of Cos. 28,112 25,794 18,040
Non-financial Companies
 Income 5.8 8.3 15.4
 Expenses 6.0 8.4 15.9
 Net profit 22.9 -8.7 18.8
 PAT margin (%) 2.9 2.8 4.0
 Net fixed assets 9.2 6.9 5.7
 Net worth 8.9 6.0 8.8
 RONW (%) 6.2 5.7 8.1
 Debt / Equity (times) 1.1 1.0 0.8
 Interest cover (times) 2.0 2.2 2.8
 Net working capital cycle (days) 85 76 57
 Count of Cos. 22,951 21,018 14,184
Numbers are net of P&E
Updated on: 29 May 2020 9:58AM