Indian households's savings preference shifts towards MFs and insurance: RBI report

Low deposit rates, fall in gold prices and stock market boom influence the choice

by Arjit Singh Bhambra

Post demonetisation, Indian households have shown a clear preference to invest their money in mutual funds (MFs) and insurance schemes, according to a paper titled ’Financialisation of savings into non-banking financial intermediaries’ by the RBI. With the AUM of mutual funds touching an all-time high of Rs.20 trillion by end of July 2017 [see here] and the life insurance companies witnessing an overall growth of 46 per cent in the premiums collected, a structural shift is apparent in the behaviour of savings made by Indian households. Furthermore, reduced interest rates on bank deposits, unfavourable real estate market conditions and the recent decline in gold prices, combined with the recent upsurge in capital markets have made MFs more attractive to the investors. As these sectors witness growth in AUMs, channelising these funds into productive segments of the economy remains a challenge, as per a report in Hindu Business Line.

References
1. http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/markets/demonetisation-mutual-funds-gold-real-estate/article9814407.ece
CMIE STATISTICS
Unemployment Rate
Per cent
4.6 -0.0
Consumer Sentiments Index
Base September-December 2015
96.3 +0.7
Consumer Expectations Index
Base September-December 2015
95.7 +0.9
Current Economic Conditions Index
Base September-December 2015
97.3 +0.5
Quarterly CapeEx Aggregates
(Rs.trillion) Dec 16 Mar 17 Jun 17 Sep 17
New projects 2.33 3.83 2.07 1.03
Completed projects 1.01 1.94 1.16 1.00
Stalled projects 1.14 0.73 2.67 0.67
Revived projects 0.18 0.67 0.30 0.29
Implementation stalled projects 0.83 0.33 0.68 0.62
Updated on: 15 Dec 2017 8:20PM
Quarterly Financials of Listed Companies
(% change) Dec 16 Mar 17 Jun 17 Sep 17
All listed Companies
 Income 6.2 10.2 9.8 8.2
 Expenses 6.3 11.9 10.0 9.4
 Net profit 40.2 16.0 -19.6 -18.1
 PAT margin (%) 6.0 6.0 5.3 5.6
 Count of Cos. 4,509 4,444 4,325 4,156
Non-financial Companies
 Income 5.9 11.8 10.4 8.1
 Expenses 7.2 15.6 10.6 8.0
 Net profit 24.5 -2.3 -25.0 -5.4
 PAT margin (%) 6.2 6.2 5.2 6.4
 Net fixed assets 6.9 9.3
 Current assets 2.7 80.1
 Current liabilities 8.8 10.2
 Borrowings 4.8 10.5
 Reserves & surplus 6.3 5.3
 Count of Cos. 3,484 3,440 3,358 3,226
Numbers are net of P&E
Updated on: 15 Dec 2017 8:20PM
Annual Financials of All Companies
(% change) FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17
All Companies
 Income 10.0 5.2 1.1 6.7
 Expenses 9.9 5.2 1.2 6.9
 Net profit -2.3 1.4 -13.1 20.6
 PAT margin (%) 3.2 3.2 2.9 6.4
 Assets 12.3 9.4 9.7 8.6
 Net worth 9.6 8.7 10.6 7.9
 RONW (%) 6.2 6.1 5.1 9.2
 Count of Cos. 24,045 23,818 20,791 4,756
Non-financial Companies
 Income 9.7 4.3 0.1 6.7
 Expenses 9.3 4.5 -0.6 7.5
 Net profit -2.7 -5.8 11.6 14.6
 PAT margin (%) 2.2 2.1 2.6 6.3
 Net fixed assets 11.6 13.3 15.5 7.3
 Net worth 8.1 7.1 11.0 6.3
 RONW (%) 5.1 4.9 5.4 10.3
 Debt / Equity (times) 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.7
 Interest cover (times) 2.0 1.9 2.0 3.4
 Net working capital cycle (days) 69 67 66 49
 Count of Cos. 19,288 19,270 17,281 3,624
Numbers are net of P&E
Updated on: 04 Dec 2017 11:59AM

Data added for HPI at Assessment prices and HPI at Market prices